Employment rose nationwide in 2011, but the average weekly wage fell 1.7 percent according to data just released by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Only five periods have seen declining wages since the series began in 1978 and fourth Quarter 2010-2011 is the only period to have seen declining wages occur with rising employment.
Virginia’s twelve largest localities, the only ones covered in this report, mirror the national trend. All twelve experienced employment growth, and all but one, Alexandria City, simultaneously experienced wage declines. We need to wait for more details on industry and occupational employment patterns in order to work out just why employment has risen without also driving up wages. And we need employment data for a few more quarters to see whether this divergence of employment and wages is a blip or the beginning of a trend.
Employment and Wage Change, Virginia’s largest Localities, 2010-2011
|Average Weekly Wage||Wages
|4th Quarter 2011||4th Quarter 2010-11|
|Prince William, VA.||3.2||$848||-2.8|
|Alexandria City, VA||0.6||$1,434||0.4|
|Chesapeake City, VA||0.2||$751||-0.7|
|Newport News City, VA||1.9||$876||-1.7|
|Norfolk City, VA.||0.8||$933||-2.6|
|Richmond City, VA||1.6||$1,027||-3.3|
|Virginia Beach City, VA||0.5||$763||-0.8|
Source: US Bureau of Labor Statistics, County Employment and Wages Summary