Examining evidence for the gender wage gap
Two human capital-based studies, one on faculty salary at the University of Virginia and another on registered nurse salaries published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, show a significant difference between men’s and women’s earnings, even after important characteristics have been held constant.
As we try to establish whether men systematically out-earn women and, if so, whether this is a direct result of gender alone, we need to first come up with some reasonable explanation for how wages are determined—setting aside whether we think that this is how they should be determined—and then establish whether gender has anything to do with it. Please consume responsibly: Earnings data and the gender wage gap
While comparing wages might appear to be the most obvious way to get at the answer to the gender wage gap, careful consideration of the data reveals why this task is not as straightforward as it may appear.
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Understanding the gender wage gap
Many factors influence earnings. The amount a worker is paid reflects not only his or her value to an employer—based on his or her ability to fulfill the tasks of a position—but also the value placed on that industry relative to others. To isolate the effect of gender in determining wage, we must examine the effects on earnings of experience, education, rank and industry.
Loudon county leads region on gender income inequality
Men make more money than women. But where is the disparity the greatest? Census records show it’s Loudoun County, where men have a $75,000 median income and women have a $40,000 median income for women.